Homeland Harmoniously Developing with Heaven and Earth －－part one
Heaven which controls rainy and fine seasons, bitter cold and hot. as well as wind, forest, rain and snow is the life of the vernacular dwelling; earth which comprises mountains and river. rising and falling of vast territory, timbers and stones is the root of folk house, while the foundation of the construction of vernacular dwelling is people who labor. live and multiply on this land.
The styles of the vernacular dwelling of the snow land were closely related to the geographic environment, weather conditions, communal settlement, way of life, available building materials and mastery of construction technology, which originated from seeking for comfortable living and a common view of the natural environment. With the common view of the shelter for their survival, standing between the Heaven and the Earth while being mingled with them, the Tibetan dwelling had became the material and spiritual homeland coexisted with natural environment.
The styles of the Tibetan dwelling were closely relevant to the natural environment. In terms of dwelling's shape, the roofing shape reflected varying amount of the rains; the walling thickness reflected the variation of temperature: the openness or closeness of the distribution told people the conditions of sunshine or wind blowing while the stocky and graceful styles reflected the characteristics of geographic environment. Being situated on the land of snow the fire pit inside the principal room was the living center, which reflected that Tibetans were seeking for more comfortable life. The main ways of production on the land of snow were nomadic roving, agricultural tilling and hunting with close relationship to the natural resources, which has a great impact on the structure of the Tibetan dwelling reflecting the harmonious relation between human beings and nature.
The use and obtain of building materials in Tibet were in line with the principle of convenience and least economic cost. The building materials of the Tibetan dwelling could be easily taken from the natural environment. The Tibetan dwellings were characterized by obtaining raw materials locally. With the corresponding technical processing, the Tibetan dwellings were built from the indigenous building materials while they look like something grown out of the natural environment. In terms of the color modeling the Tibetan dwellings used the color combinations of the natural color of natural materials including yellow of the earth, green of the stone, dark blown of timbers, which reflected the harmonious relationship between the Tibetan dwellings and natural environment.