Homestead Where Souls Reposed －－part two
In the Tu Zhang Dwelling villages, each family has a fire pit, which was the center for family activities and spiritual reposition as well. The fire pit was set up inside of room, and never extinct, and had a tripod on it, which could hold up pan to fry dish. Commonly, all families drank tea and had dinner around the fire pit, and warmed themselves in winter. Some families set a bed for the aged near the fire pit, which represented an ancient relic, called "sleeping around fire". When guests came, hot-hearted host would let them sit around the fire pit, let them take water cigarette for a long time, drink a cup of "sticky rice savory tea", and drink a cup of glutinous "stuffy pan wine". With the alcohol interest, the host would open his voice, singing songs to wish guest lucky. So, the fire pit was tender and affectionate.
The Tu Zhang Dwelling and its village have another characteristic - a Tu Zhang Dwelling's space is not very big indicating a kind of equilibrium and equality. There is no tall wall and big courtyard, and no alleyway and deep residence, which made people feel comfortable and peaceful. This characteristic shows conspicuous differences with other nationalities' house size and hierarchy distinction, which, however, was determined by Yi and Hani people's family and social structure. As to Hani people, they have still kept paternalistic family structure, in which male played the main role. This paternalistic family seldom had several generations together. Except that the youngest son will live with his parents until they die, other sons should leave well after marriage. So, every generation could divide into several little families, and construct social basic cell. Because of the vertical strain structure for generations, the whole village forms very complex but very clear consanguine relation net and village social structure. This village social structure made people of a clan very united. This kind of concord and harmonious atmosphere in the Tu Zhang Dwelling was common. Hani people's "long street banquet" thoroughly represented good feeling among neighbors.
In the morning of New Year, every Hani village would begin the long booze in the center of the village and celebrated the festival symbolizing their comity, concord, luckiness and happiness. People carried square tables to street center to connect one by one, more than one hundred tables were connected to form a 100 meters long dragon. Then, each family used dapper bamboo basket to carry their skillful dishes. At the first glance, there were every specialty from soup to nuts. In this vivid vision, one could not help sighing with feeling the complete harmony among constructions, street and people's life in Tu Zhang Dwelling villages.
All the windows of Tu Zhang Dwelling were very small, and most of windows using little stout batten as window lattice. When the sky was clear, sunlight shot into across window lattice continuously. The goods in the sunlight were bright and vivid; those goods in shadow flash a layer of dark light, which was antique and mysterious.